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About City

Solapur is a famous city with an equally famous history. It has been found that the name "Solapur" has its roots in the name - "Sonnlagi."

Sonnlagi (Solapur) city was looked after by Patil Mordi Modhyagouda & his wife Sugaladevi. The great Shri Siddheshwar (also known as Siddharameshwar) was born in 1140 A.D. He stayed in a house at Sakhar Peth, behind the now Padma Talkies. Ancient Solapur is based in this area. Shri Nanappa was the Jaghirdar during this time. After his death his wife Smt. Chamaladevi looked after the Jahagir. Shri Siddharameshwar had a strong desire to build a beautiful temple and lake in Solapur. To honour his feelings, Smt. Chamaladevi gave him land near the Fort to build this lake temple. Shri Siddharameshwar went to Shrishail and brought a Shiv Ling from there. Finally the Temple was built in the middle of the Lake and the Pranpratishthapan of the Shiv Ling was done. This Lake Temple of Shri Siddharameshwar has always been a major attraction in Solapur.

The Solapur District was ruled by various dynasties such as Andhrabhratyas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Yadavas and Bahamanis. Recent research work however shows that the name Solapur is not derived from the congregation of sixteen villages. It is evident from the inscriptions of Shiva yogi Shri Siddheshwar of the time of the Kalachuristis of Kalyani, that the town was called `Sonnalage` which came to be pronounced as `Sonnalagi`. A Sanskrit inscription dated Shake 1238, after the downfall of the Yadavas found at Kamati in Mohol shows that the town was known as Sonalipur. During the Muslim period, the town was known as Sandalpur. Subsequently the British rulers pronounced Solapur as Sholapur and hence the name of the district.

The present Solapur district was previously part of Ahmednagar, Pune and Satara districts. In the year 1838 it became the Sub-district of Ahmednagar. After the State reorganization in 1956 Solapur was included in Mumbai State and it became a full-fledged district of Maharashtra state in 1960.

The importance of Solapur is unique in the history of India in the sense that this district enjoyed the freedom even before independence. The citizens of Solapur enjoyed the Independence for three days from 9th to 11th May 1930. The brief history runs like this. After the arrest of Mahatma Gandhi in May 1930, protests and demonstrations against the British Rule were held throughout the India. Large scale rallies and protests were done at Solapur also. Many citizens lost their lives in the Police firings. Due to this the irate mob attacked the Police Stations. Out of fear the Police and other officers ran out of Solapur.

During this period the responsibility of law, order and security of citizens was on the shoulders of congress party leaders. Then city congress President Shri.Ramkrishna Jaju, with his other congressmen maintained the law and order for a period of three days from 9th to 11th May 1930. Secondly, the Solapur Municipal Council was the first Municipal Council of India to host the National Flag on the Municipal Council building (Now Municipal Corporation) Solapur in 1930.